Glossary of web-related terms

BLOG

A blog (contraction of the term 'weblog') is a type of website or online journal, usually with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events.

BROWSER

The program/window used to view websites. The most widely used browser would be Internet Explorer, but other browsers are in use such as Opera, Firefox, Safari and more.

CAPTCHA

A CAPTCHA  is a type of challenge-response test used in computing to ensure that the response is not generated by a computer. The process usually involves one computer (a server) asking a user to complete a simple test which the computer is able to generate and grade.

CONTENT

The actual text and pictures loaded on web pages.

DOMAIN NAME    

Your website address, e.g. www.re-engage.co.za  

DOWNLOAD & UPLOAD   

Download: Transfer a file from the internet to your computer

Upload: Transfer a file from your computer to the internet

FIELD

Elements of a form are made up of seperate form fields. Examples of form fields are text fields, checkboxes, radio buttons, select lists and multi-line text fields. (See FORM)

FORM

A form on a web page allows a user to enter data that is sent to a server for processing (e.g. contact details, specific products the user is interested in).

GIF    

Stands for Graphic Interchange Format - a type of picture format (raster).

HOSTING

A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their own website accessible via the World Wide Web. Web hosts are companies that provide space on a server they own or lease for use by their clients as well as providing Internet connectivity, typically in a data center. 

HTML  

Stands for Hyper Text Markup Language - a computer programming language for the web.

HYPERLINK   

An object (image or text) may be linked to a webpage, e-mail address or file by using a hyperlink.

IMAGE OPTIMISATION          

Reducing the file size of an image, while retaining an acceptable image quality.

JPEG  

Stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group - a type of picture format (raster).

META DATA / TAG    

Part of an HTML page providing information about the page like the title and the description & keywords for search engine optimisation. This information is often not displayed to the user.

MOUSEOVER  

Moving the mouse pointer over a picture, targeted area or link.

PAGE RANK

Google Page Rank was developed by Google to measure the quality and number of links to a given page. Rank ranges from unranked, to 0 (poor) to 10 (outstanding).

PIXEL 

The smallest unit of measurement in a raster image.

PNG 

Stands for Portable Network Graphics - a type of picture format (raster).

RASTER & VECTOR IMAGES  

Raster image: Made up of pixels, tends to distort if you stretch it manually. Software for raster image editing: Adobe Photoshop, GIMP.

Vector image: Made up of paths/lines, stretching them manually does not cause distortion. Software for vectorimage editing: Adobe Illustrator, Inkscape.

SEO

Search Engine Optimisation, optimising your website so that search engines find your content easily. Page titles, meta tags and keywords assist with SEO.

URL

Stands for Universal Resource Locator - the address of a webpage or file. www stands for world wide web, and ends in .co.za (South Africa), .com (Commerce), .net (Network, .org (Organisation)

W3C 

World Wide Web Consortium. A group of companies that set the international standards for HTML and web.

WYSIWYG

What you see is what you get. Web-based HTML format editor.